Adoption from Bulgaria - Family National Association

Requirements for Candidates

 Requirements towards the candidate-adopters, as per the Australian legislation:

 The basic requirements towards the candidate-adopters are similar in the different states and territories. A mandatory condition for all states/territories is for the candidate-adopters’ habitual place of residence to be in the same state/territory. There are some other specific requirements, as follows:

 

 For the state of New South Wales: A compulsory requirement is for couples to have lived together for at least 2 years. Single candidate-adopters can also apply for adoption. A pregnant candidate could not apply for adoption. If a candidate-adopter gets pregnant during the adoption process, the application should be put on hold by the end of the pregnancy. The minimum age of the adoptive applicants is 21 years. Adoptive applicants should be at least 18 years older than the adopted child. In case that the adopters already have a child in the family, they should wait for at least 10 months to pass before they could apply for the adoption of another child.

 

 For the state of Victoria: Couples should have lived together for at least 2 years. Single candidates are allowed to apply for adoption only if some special circumstances are present. The age requirements for the adopters residing in the state of Victoria were removed following the amendment of the legislation in 1998. However, it is specified that their age and health condition should be suitable and they should have the capacity to raise the adopted child by the time the child reaches the point of independence, while taking into consideration the possible age limitations regarding the applicants that are applied in the sending country. Whenever there is already a child in the adopters’ family, the state of Victoria requires that there is at least 2-year age difference between the children.

 

 For the state of Queensland: A compulsory requirement is for couples to have lived together for at least 2 years. An additional requirement is for at least one of the applicants to be an Australian citizen and also for the female applicant not to be pregnant at the time of filing the application. Single candidates can also apply for adoption. The minimum age of the adoptive applicants is 21 years. Male candidate-adopters should be at least 18 years older than the adopted child and female candidate-adopters should be at least 16 years older than the adopted child, unless the child has special needs.  In case the candidate-adopters already have a child, that child should reach the age of 12 months before they could file an application for adoption. The applicants are not allowed to initiate another adoption procedure before 12 months have passed since the previous placement.

 

 For the state of Western Australia: The couples from Western Australia, who are willing to adopt a child, should have lived together for at least 3 years. Single candidate-adopters could also obtain a permission to adopt a child. At least one of the candidates in a married couple should be an Australian citizen. A child could not be placed in the family in case the female applicant is pregnant. The minimum age of the adoptive applicants is 18 years. There is a requirement for maximum age difference: In case the candidates apply for adoption for the first time, the younger applicant could not be more than 45 years older than the adopted child, and the older applicant could not be more than 50 years older than the adopted child. In case the candidate-adopters apply for another, subsequent adoption, the maximum age difference between the child and the adopters is 50 years and 55 years respectively. In case of single applicants, the maximum age difference with the adopted child is 45 years for applicants who apply for adoption for the first time, and 50 years for applicants who apply for adoption for a subsequent time. If there is already a child in the adoptive family, the adoptee should be the youngest child in the family and the age difference between the adoptee and the child in the family that is the closest in age should be at least 12 months, while at least 2 years should have passed since the latest child placement in the family.

 

 For the state of South Australia: The state of South Australia allows both married couples and cohabiting couples to apply to adopt a child together. At least one of the applicants in a couple should be an Australian citizen. The couples should have lived together for at least 3 years. Single candidate-adopters can also apply but some special circumstances need to be present so that a child is placed with them. There is no minimum or maximum age for the adopters residing in the state of South Australia, but their capacity to raise the adopted child is assessed by the competent authorities. Whenever there is a child in the adoptive family already, the state of South Australia requires for that child/children to have been part of the family for at least 12 months, and the family could not add another child to the family through adoption before 2 years following the latest placement in their family have passed.

 

 For the state of Tasmania: Adoptive applicants should have habitual place of residence in the state of Tasmania as well as Australian citizenship. In cases where a couple applies for adoption, at least one of the candidates should be an Australian citizen. The couples should have lived together for at least 3 years. The female applicant should not be pregnant at the time of the adoption. Single candidate-adopters could be allowed to apply for adoption if some special circumstances are present. The only limitation in terms of the candidate-adopters’ age is the requirement for minimum age difference of at least 18 years with the adoptee. In case there is already a child in the adoptive family, the state of Tasmania requires that there is at least 2-year age difference between the children, with the adopted child being the youngest child in the family.

 

 For the Australian Capital Territory: Adoptive applicants should have habitual place of residence in the Australian Capital Territory and at least one of the candidates should be an Australian citizen. The couples should have lived together for at least 3 years. The female applicant should not be pregnant. If the female applicant gets pregnant during the adoption process, the adoption process would be terminated and the family’s application could be reactivated no sooner than 18 months following the birth of the baby the family is expecting. Although that is not stated in the legislation, as part of their practice the Department which performs the functions of Central Authority under the Hague Convention have introduced a requirement for the candidate-adopters filing an application for adoption for the first time to have reached the minimum age of 25 years. There are no other limitations in terms of age. The candidate-adopters who would like to adopt again should file an application for their next adoption at least 12 months after the previous child placement in their family and there should be at least 2-year age difference between the children.

 

 For the Northern Territory: At least one of the candidates should be an Australian citizen. Married couples, who have been married for at least 2 years, are allowed to apply for adoption. In case the female applicant gets pregnant, the family’s application is to be withdrawn, although this limitation is not part of the legislation. Single candidate-adopters are allowed to adopt if some special circumstances are present. The following age limitations have been introduced: the candidates should have reached the minimum age of 25 years and they should be at least 25 years older than the adopted child. In cases where the adopted child will be the first and only child in the family at the time, the age difference between the child and the adopters should not exceed 40 years. In cases where the candidate-adopters have experience in child care, the maximum age difference is 45 years. Exceptions are possible if some special circumstances are present and depending on the assessment of the competent authorities. As per the requirements of the Northern Territory, the candidate-adopters could not add more children to their family before 2 years have passed from the last placement in their family. 

Национална Асоциация "Семейство"