Step-by-step adoption procedure in Bulgaria:
- The Danish organization will send us the dossier with all the required registration documents.
- Once the dossier has been received and translated, our team will submit it to the Bulgarian Ministry of Justice along with an initial application. Then, the candidates will be enrolled in a Register, which is effectively a waiting list for adoptive parents. This enrolment should take place within 2 months of FNA receiving the documents, provided they are in the proper form.
- The waiting period for a child proposal is counted from the enrolment in the Register and will vary in each case. The timeframe depends on the children currently available (e.g. age, gender, health condition) and the candidates on the waiting list (overall preferences, desired age, number of candidates).
- The Intercountry Adoption Council reviews the applications following the order of their registration and refers the children to the candidates who are suitable for them. Once a child is referred for adoption, a package of documents is prepared, which is referred to as “referral”. Those documents are provided to “Family National Association”, who arrange their translation and then send them on to the partnering agency, which then provides them to the candidates. The package includes a referral certificate, a certificate with a full-length photo of the child and a detailed report about the child, which is prepared in accordance with Art.16 of the Hague Convention. In case the accredited agency considers that the characteristics of the referred child fall within the respective adoptive family’s permission for adoption, they ask the candidates if they accept the child referred to them for adoption. The accredited agency has to notify the regional state administration about the candidates’ decision and also send the information about the child to the regional state administration. If the accredited agency reaches a negative conclusion about the correspondence between the child’s characteristics and the candidates’ permission for adoption, they have to inform the candidates of the possibility to apply for an amendment of their permission that would cover the child’s characteristics. If the candidates decide that they would like to apply for such an amendment, the accredited agency has to notify the regional state administration and also send on to them the information about the child. The Joint Council is the competent authority that should consider whether to grant the requested amendment of the candidates’ permission. The regional state administration performs the Home study, which is necessary for the Joint Council to make a final decision. In case the candidates do not wish to apply for an amendment of their permission, the accredited agency sends the information to the regional state administration. If while making an evaluation, the accredited agency considers that there are doubts about the correspondence between the profile of the child referred for adoption and the prospective adopters’ permission, the agency sends the documents about the child to the Joint Council, who is to decide whether the child’s characteristics are correspondent to the candidates’ permission. The regional state administration notifies the agency and the prospective adopters about the decision of the Joint Council.
- The next step is meeting the child. Usually, a registered specialist of our team will meet the referred child on behalf of the candidate-adopters and will prepare video materials and photos of him/her. They will be sent to the candidates in order to make their decision for the child’s adoption.
- If the candidate-adoptive parents refuse to adopt the child, the waiting period starts over again. However, they may keep their place in the line if they have not been informed about significant health problems of the child, if the proposed child’s characteristics clearly do not match the family’s initial wish and in case the candidates have applied for a child with a special need and have subsequently decided not to adopt them.
- If the candidate-adoptive parents agree to adopt the child, they will have to sign the relevant documents provided by FNA. To proceed further, a “Certificate of consent for proceeding with the adoption” issued by the Danish organization or by the Adoption Joint Council (the Central Adoption Authority of Denmark). Then, we will submit the documents to the Bulgarian Ministry of Justice for the issuance of the Minister of Justice's final consent.
- The dossier will then be sent to Sofia City Court and an attorney-at-law from our team will represent the candidate-adoptive parents in court as well as perform all procedural actions until the court decree enters into power.
- When the adoption decree becomes effective (7 days after the judgement is enacted), FNA will help obtain a Certificate of Completion, a new birth certificate and passport of the child.
- The adoptive parents will then have to travel to Bulgaria to pick up their child and finalize the passport issuing procedure. Afterwards they will travel back home together.
- The FNA will need four post-adoption reports on the child’s development and well-being within the course of 2 years after adoption.
Current partner: DIA (Danish International Adoption)